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istream.c

/* $Id: istream.c,v 1.23 2003/10/20 16:41:56 ukai Exp $ */
#include "fm.h"
#include "myctype.h"
#include "istream.h"
#include <signal.h>
#ifdef USE_SSL
#include <openssl/x509v3.h>
#endif

#define     uchar       unsigned char

#define STREAM_BUF_SIZE 8192
#define SSL_BUF_SIZE    1536

#define MUST_BE_UPDATED(bs) ((bs)->stream.cur==(bs)->stream.next)

#define POP_CHAR(bs) ((bs)->iseos?'\0':(bs)->stream.buf[(bs)->stream.cur++])

static void basic_close(int *handle);
static int basic_read(int *handle, char *buf, int len);

static void file_close(struct file_handle *handle);
static int file_read(struct file_handle *handle, char *buf, int len);

static int str_read(Str handle, char *buf, int len);

#ifdef USE_SSL
static void ssl_close(struct ssl_handle *handle);
static int ssl_read(struct ssl_handle *handle, char *buf, int len);
#endif

static int ens_read(struct ens_handle *handle, char *buf, int len);
static void ens_close(struct ens_handle *handle);

static void
do_update(BaseStream base)
{
    int len;
    base->stream.cur = base->stream.next = 0;
    len = base->read(base->handle, base->stream.buf, base->stream.size);
    if (len <= 0)
      base->iseos = TRUE;
    else
      base->stream.next += len;
}

static int
buffer_read(StreamBuffer sb, char *obuf, int count)
{
    int len = sb->next - sb->cur;
    if (len > 0) {
      if (len > count)
          len = count;
      bcopy((const void *)&sb->buf[sb->cur], obuf, len);
      sb->cur += len;
    }
    return len;
}

static void
init_buffer(BaseStream base, char *buf, int bufsize)
{
    StreamBuffer sb = &base->stream;
    sb->size = bufsize;
    sb->cur = 0;
    if (buf) {
      sb->buf = (uchar *) buf;
      sb->next = bufsize;
    }
    else {
      sb->buf = NewAtom_N(uchar, bufsize);
      sb->next = 0;
    }
    base->iseos = FALSE;
}

static void
init_base_stream(BaseStream base, int bufsize)
{
    init_buffer(base, NULL, bufsize);
}

static void
init_str_stream(BaseStream base, Str s)
{
    init_buffer(base, s->ptr, s->length);
}

InputStream
newInputStream(int des)
{
    InputStream stream;
    if (des < 0)
      return NULL;
    stream = New(union input_stream);
    init_base_stream(&stream->base, STREAM_BUF_SIZE);
    stream->base.type = IST_BASIC;
    stream->base.handle = New(int);
    *(int *)stream->base.handle = des;
    stream->base.read = (int (*)())basic_read;
    stream->base.close = (void (*)())basic_close;
    return stream;
}

InputStream
newFileStream(FILE * f, void (*closep) ())
{
    InputStream stream;
    if (f == NULL)
      return NULL;
    stream = New(union input_stream);
    init_base_stream(&stream->base, STREAM_BUF_SIZE);
    stream->file.type = IST_FILE;
    stream->file.handle = New(struct file_handle);
    stream->file.handle->f = f;
    if (closep)
      stream->file.handle->close = closep;
    else
      stream->file.handle->close = (void (*)())fclose;
    stream->file.read = (int (*)())file_read;
    stream->file.close = (void (*)())file_close;
    return stream;
}

InputStream
newStrStream(Str s)
{
    InputStream stream;
    if (s == NULL)
      return NULL;
    stream = New(union input_stream);
    init_str_stream(&stream->base, s);
    stream->str.type = IST_STR;
    stream->str.handle = s;
    stream->str.read = (int (*)())str_read;
    stream->str.close = NULL;
    return stream;
}

#ifdef USE_SSL
InputStream
newSSLStream(SSL * ssl, int sock)
{
    InputStream stream;
    if (sock < 0)
      return NULL;
    stream = New(union input_stream);
    init_base_stream(&stream->base, SSL_BUF_SIZE);
    stream->ssl.type = IST_SSL;
    stream->ssl.handle = New(struct ssl_handle);
    stream->ssl.handle->ssl = ssl;
    stream->ssl.handle->sock = sock;
    stream->ssl.read = (int (*)())ssl_read;
    stream->ssl.close = (void (*)())ssl_close;
    return stream;
}
#endif

InputStream
newEncodedStream(InputStream is, char encoding)
{
    InputStream stream;
    if (is == NULL || (encoding != ENC_QUOTE && encoding != ENC_BASE64 &&
                   encoding != ENC_UUENCODE))
      return is;
    stream = New(union input_stream);
    init_base_stream(&stream->base, STREAM_BUF_SIZE);
    stream->ens.type = IST_ENCODED;
    stream->ens.handle = New(struct ens_handle);
    stream->ens.handle->is = is;
    stream->ens.handle->pos = 0;
    stream->ens.handle->encoding = encoding;
    stream->ens.handle->s = NULL;
    stream->ens.read = (int (*)())ens_read;
    stream->ens.close = (void (*)())ens_close;
    return stream;
}

int
ISclose(InputStream stream)
{
    MySignalHandler(*prevtrap) ();
    if (stream == NULL || stream->base.close == NULL ||
      stream->base.type & IST_UNCLOSE)
      return -1;
    prevtrap = mySignal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);
    stream->base.close(stream->base.handle);
    mySignal(SIGINT, prevtrap);
    return 0;
}

int
ISgetc(InputStream stream)
{
    BaseStream base;
    if (stream == NULL)
      return '\0';
    base = &stream->base;
    if (!base->iseos && MUST_BE_UPDATED(base))
      do_update(base);
    return POP_CHAR(base);
}

int
ISundogetc(InputStream stream)
{
    StreamBuffer sb;
    if (stream == NULL)
      return -1;
    sb = &stream->base.stream;
    if (sb->cur > 0) {
      sb->cur--;
      return 0;
    }
    return -1;
}

#define MARGIN_STR_SIZE 10
Str
StrISgets(InputStream stream)
{
    BaseStream base;
    StreamBuffer sb;
    Str s = NULL;
    uchar *p;
    int len;

    if (stream == NULL)
      return '\0';
    base = &stream->base;
    sb = &base->stream;

    while (!base->iseos) {
      if (MUST_BE_UPDATED(base)) {
          do_update(base);
      }
      else {
          if ((p = memchr(&sb->buf[sb->cur], '\n', sb->next - sb->cur))) {
            len = p - &sb->buf[sb->cur] + 1;
            if (s == NULL)
                s = Strnew_size(len);
            Strcat_charp_n(s, (char *)&sb->buf[sb->cur], len);
            sb->cur += len;
            return s;
          }
          else {
            if (s == NULL)
                s = Strnew_size(sb->next - sb->cur + MARGIN_STR_SIZE);
            Strcat_charp_n(s, (char *)&sb->buf[sb->cur],
                         sb->next - sb->cur);
            sb->cur = sb->next;
          }
      }
    }

    if (s == NULL)
      return Strnew();
    return s;
}

Str
StrmyISgets(InputStream stream)
{
    BaseStream base;
    StreamBuffer sb;
    Str s = NULL;
    int i, len;

    if (stream == NULL)
      return '\0';
    base = &stream->base;
    sb = &base->stream;

    while (!base->iseos) {
      if (MUST_BE_UPDATED(base)) {
          do_update(base);
      }
      else {
          if (s && Strlastchar(s) == '\r') {
            if (sb->buf[sb->cur] == '\n')
                Strcat_char(s, (char)sb->buf[sb->cur++]);
            return s;
          }
          for (i = sb->cur;
             i < sb->next && sb->buf[i] != '\n' && sb->buf[i] != '\r';
             i++) ;
          if (i < sb->next) {
            len = i - sb->cur + 1;
            if (s == NULL)
                s = Strnew_size(len + MARGIN_STR_SIZE);
            Strcat_charp_n(s, (char *)&sb->buf[sb->cur], len);
            sb->cur = i + 1;
            if (sb->buf[i] == '\n')
                return s;
          }
          else {
            if (s == NULL)
                s = Strnew_size(sb->next - sb->cur + MARGIN_STR_SIZE);
            Strcat_charp_n(s, (char *)&sb->buf[sb->cur],
                         sb->next - sb->cur);
            sb->cur = sb->next;
          }
      }
    }

    if (s == NULL)
      return Strnew();
    return s;
}

int
ISread(InputStream stream, Str buf, int count)
{
    int rest, len;
    BaseStream base;

    if (stream == NULL || (base = &stream->base)->iseos)
      return 0;

    len = buffer_read(&base->stream, buf->ptr, count);
    rest = count - len;
    if (MUST_BE_UPDATED(base)) {
      len = base->read(base->handle, &buf->ptr[len], rest);
      if (len <= 0) {
          base->iseos = TRUE;
          len = 0;
      }
      rest -= len;
    }
    Strtruncate(buf, count - rest);
    if (buf->length > 0)
      return 1;
    return 0;
}

int
ISfileno(InputStream stream)
{
    if (stream == NULL)
      return -1;
    switch (IStype(stream) & ~IST_UNCLOSE) {
    case IST_BASIC:
      return *(int *)stream->base.handle;
    case IST_FILE:
      return fileno(stream->file.handle->f);
#ifdef USE_SSL
    case IST_SSL:
      return stream->ssl.handle->sock;
#endif
    case IST_ENCODED:
      return ISfileno(stream->ens.handle->is);
    default:
      return -1;
    }
}

int
ISeos(InputStream stream)
{
    BaseStream base = &stream->base;
    if (!base->iseos && MUST_BE_UPDATED(base))
      do_update(base);
    return base->iseos;
}

#ifdef USE_SSL
static Str accept_this_site;

void
ssl_accept_this_site(char *hostname)
{
    if (hostname)
      accept_this_site = Strnew_charp(hostname);
    else
      accept_this_site = NULL;
}

static int
ssl_match_cert_ident(char *ident, int ilen, char *hostname)
{
    /* RFC2818 3.1.  Server Identity
     * Names may contain the wildcard
     * character * which is considered to match any single domain name
     * component or component fragment. E.g., *.a.com matches foo.a.com but
     * not bar.foo.a.com. f*.com matches foo.com but not bar.com.
     */
    int hlen = strlen(hostname);
    int i, c;

    /* Is this an exact match? */
    if ((ilen == hlen) && strncasecmp(ident, hostname, hlen) == 0)
      return TRUE;

    for (i = 0; i < ilen; i++) {
      if (ident[i] == '*' && ident[i + 1] == '.') {
          while ((c = *hostname++) != '\0')
            if (c == '.')
                break;
          i++;
      }
      else {
          if (ident[i] != *hostname++)
            return FALSE;
      }
    }
    return *hostname == '\0';
}

static Str
ssl_check_cert_ident(X509 * x, char *hostname)
{
    int i;
    Str ret = NULL;
    int match_ident = FALSE;
    /*
     * All we need to do here is check that the CN matches.
     *
     * From RFC2818 3.1 Server Identity:
     * If a subjectAltName extension of type dNSName is present, that MUST
     * be used as the identity. Otherwise, the (most specific) Common Name
     * field in the Subject field of the certificate MUST be used. Although
     * the use of the Common Name is existing practice, it is deprecated and
     * Certification Authorities are encouraged to use the dNSName instead.
     */
    i = X509_get_ext_by_NID(x, NID_subject_alt_name, -1);
    if (i >= 0) {
      X509_EXTENSION *ex;
      STACK_OF(GENERAL_NAME) * alt;

      ex = X509_get_ext(x, i);
      alt = X509V3_EXT_d2i(ex);
      if (alt) {
          int n;
          GENERAL_NAME *gn;
          X509V3_EXT_METHOD *method;
          Str seen_dnsname = NULL;

          n = sk_GENERAL_NAME_num(alt);
          for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            gn = sk_GENERAL_NAME_value(alt, i);
            if (gn->type == GEN_DNS) {
                char *sn = ASN1_STRING_data(gn->d.ia5);
                int sl = ASN1_STRING_length(gn->d.ia5);

                if (!seen_dnsname)
                  seen_dnsname = Strnew();
                Strcat_m_charp(seen_dnsname, sn, " ", NULL);
                if (ssl_match_cert_ident(sn, sl, hostname))
                  break;
            }
          }
          method = X509V3_EXT_get(ex);
          sk_GENERAL_NAME_free(alt);
          if (i < n)          /* Found a match */
            match_ident = TRUE;
          else if (seen_dnsname)
            /* FIXME: gettextize? */
            ret = Sprintf("Bad cert ident from %s: dNSName=%s", hostname,
                        seen_dnsname->ptr);
      }
    }

    if (match_ident == FALSE && ret == NULL) {
      X509_NAME *xn;
      char buf[2048];

      xn = X509_get_subject_name(x);

      if (X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID(xn, NID_commonName,
                              buf, sizeof(buf)) == -1)
          /* FIXME: gettextize? */
          ret = Strnew_charp("Unable to get common name from peer cert");
      else if (!ssl_match_cert_ident(buf, strlen(buf), hostname))
          /* FIXME: gettextize? */
          ret = Sprintf("Bad cert ident %s from %s", buf, hostname);
      else
          match_ident = TRUE;
    }
    return ret;
}

Str
ssl_get_certificate(SSL * ssl, char *hostname)
{
    BIO *bp;
    X509 *x;
    X509_NAME *xn;
    char *p;
    int len;
    Str s;
    char buf[2048];
    Str amsg = NULL;
    Str emsg;
    char *ans;

    if (ssl == NULL)
      return NULL;
    x = SSL_get_peer_certificate(ssl);
    if (x == NULL) {
      if (accept_this_site
          && strcasecmp(accept_this_site->ptr, hostname) == 0)
          ans = "y";
      else {
          /* FIXME: gettextize? */
          emsg = Strnew_charp("No SSL peer certificate: accept? (y/n)");
          ans = inputAnswer(emsg->ptr);
      }
      if (ans && TOLOWER(*ans) == 'y')
          /* FIXME: gettextize? */
          amsg = Strnew_charp
            ("Accept SSL session without any peer certificate");
      else {
          /* FIXME: gettextize? */
          char *e = "This SSL session was rejected "
            "to prevent security violation: no peer certificate";
          disp_err_message(e, FALSE);
          free_ssl_ctx();
          return NULL;
      }
      if (amsg)
          disp_err_message(amsg->ptr, FALSE);
      ssl_accept_this_site(hostname);
      /* FIXME: gettextize? */
      s = amsg ? amsg : Strnew_charp("valid certificate");
      return s;
    }
#ifdef USE_SSL_VERIFY
    /* check the cert chain.
     * The chain length is automatically checked by OpenSSL when we
     * set the verify depth in the ctx.
     */
    if (ssl_verify_server) {
      long verr;
      if ((verr = SSL_get_verify_result(ssl))
          != X509_V_OK) {
          const char *em = X509_verify_cert_error_string(verr);
          if (accept_this_site
            && strcasecmp(accept_this_site->ptr, hostname) == 0)
            ans = "y";
          else {
            /* FIXME: gettextize? */
            emsg = Sprintf("%s: accept? (y/n)", em);
            ans = inputAnswer(emsg->ptr);
          }
          if (ans && TOLOWER(*ans) == 'y') {
            /* FIXME: gettextize? */
            amsg = Sprintf("Accept unsecure SSL session: "
                         "unverified: %s", em);
          }
          else {
            /* FIXME: gettextize? */
            char *e =
                Sprintf("This SSL session was rejected: %s", em)->ptr;
            disp_err_message(e, FALSE);
            free_ssl_ctx();
            return NULL;
          }
      }
    }
#endif
    emsg = ssl_check_cert_ident(x, hostname);
    if (emsg != NULL) {
      if (accept_this_site
          && strcasecmp(accept_this_site->ptr, hostname) == 0)
          ans = "y";
      else {
          Str ep = Strdup(emsg);
          if (ep->length > COLS - 16)
            Strshrink(ep, ep->length - (COLS - 16));
          Strcat_charp(ep, ": accept? (y/n)");
          ans = inputAnswer(ep->ptr);
      }
      if (ans && TOLOWER(*ans) == 'y') {
          /* FIXME: gettextize? */
          amsg = Strnew_charp("Accept unsecure SSL session:");
          Strcat(amsg, emsg);
      }
      else {
          /* FIXME: gettextize? */
          char *e = "This SSL session was rejected "
            "to prevent security violation";
          disp_err_message(e, FALSE);
          free_ssl_ctx();
          return NULL;
      }
    }
    if (amsg)
      disp_err_message(amsg->ptr, FALSE);
    ssl_accept_this_site(hostname);
    /* FIXME: gettextize? */
    s = amsg ? amsg : Strnew_charp("valid certificate");
    Strcat_charp(s, "\n");
    xn = X509_get_subject_name(x);
    if (X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID(xn, NID_commonName, buf, sizeof(buf)) == -1)
      Strcat_charp(s, " subject=<unknown>");
    else
      Strcat_m_charp(s, " subject=", buf, NULL);
    xn = X509_get_issuer_name(x);
    if (X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID(xn, NID_commonName, buf, sizeof(buf)) == -1)
      Strcat_charp(s, ": issuer=<unknown>");
    else
      Strcat_m_charp(s, ": issuer=", buf, NULL);
    Strcat_charp(s, "\n\n");

    bp = BIO_new(BIO_s_mem());
    X509_print(bp, x);
    len = (int)BIO_ctrl(bp, BIO_CTRL_INFO, 0, (char *)&p);
    Strcat_charp_n(s, p, len);
    BIO_free_all(bp);
    X509_free(x);
    return s;
}
#endif

/* Raw level input stream functions */

static void
basic_close(int *handle)
{
    close(*(int *)handle);
}

static int
basic_read(int *handle, char *buf, int len)
{
    return read(*(int *)handle, buf, len);
}

static void
file_close(struct file_handle *handle)
{
    handle->close(handle->f);
}

static int
file_read(struct file_handle *handle, char *buf, int len)
{
    return fread(buf, 1, len, handle->f);
}

static int
str_read(Str handle, char *buf, int len)
{
    return 0;
}

#ifdef USE_SSL
static void
ssl_close(struct ssl_handle *handle)
{
    close(handle->sock);
    if (handle->ssl)
      SSL_free(handle->ssl);
}

static int
ssl_read(struct ssl_handle *handle, char *buf, int len)
{
    int status;
    if (handle->ssl) {
#ifdef USE_SSL_VERIFY
      for (;;) {
          status = SSL_read(handle->ssl, buf, len);
          if (status > 0)
            break;
          switch (SSL_get_error(handle->ssl, status)) {
          case SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ:
          case SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE:      /* reads can trigger write errors; see SSL_get_error(3) */
            continue;
          default:
            break;
          }
          break;
      }
#else                   /* if !defined(USE_SSL_VERIFY) */
      status = SSL_read(handle->ssl, buf, len);
#endif                        /* !defined(USE_SSL_VERIFY) */
    }
    else
      status = read(handle->sock, buf, len);
    return status;
}
#endif                        /* USE_SSL */

static void
ens_close(struct ens_handle *handle)
{
    ISclose(handle->is);
}

static int
ens_read(struct ens_handle *handle, char *buf, int len)
{
    if (handle->s == NULL || handle->pos == handle->s->length) {
      char *p;
      handle->s = StrmyISgets(handle->is);
      if (handle->s->length == 0)
          return 0;
      cleanup_line(handle->s, PAGER_MODE);
      if (handle->encoding == ENC_BASE64)
          Strchop(handle->s);
      else if (handle->encoding == ENC_UUENCODE) {
          if (!strncmp(handle->s->ptr, "begin", 5))
            handle->s = StrmyISgets(handle->is);
          Strchop(handle->s);
      }
      p = handle->s->ptr;
      if (handle->encoding == ENC_QUOTE)
          handle->s = decodeQP(&p);
      else if (handle->encoding == ENC_BASE64)
          handle->s = decodeB(&p);
      else if (handle->encoding == ENC_UUENCODE)
          handle->s = decodeU(&p);
      handle->pos = 0;
    }

    if (len > handle->s->length - handle->pos)
      len = handle->s->length - handle->pos;

    bcopy(&handle->s->ptr[handle->pos], buf, len);
    handle->pos += len;
    return len;
}

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